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Overview of the Disabilities Tax Credit in Canada

The Disabilities Tax Credit (DTC) is a non-refundable tax credit established by the Canadian government and the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). Its purpose is to assist Canadians with disabilities and their families in paying less income tax. The credit is divided into federal and provincial parts, with the federal part being uniform throughout the country.

To qualify for the DTC, individuals must have difficulties with daily life activities, such as walking, speaking, hearing, or feeding themselves, or have other impairing conditions that affect their daily life.

If deemed eligible for the DTC, individuals may be eligible for other federal, provincial, or territorial programs, including the Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP), Canada Worker’s Benefit, and the Child Disability Benefit.


Understanding Qualifications for the Disability Tax Credit Program in Canada

When it comes to qualifying for the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) program in Canada, there are two basic levels of consideration. The first is being disabled, which means an individual cannot perform their daily life’s basic activities. The second is being slowed, meaning that an individual needs a significant amount of time to perform their basic activities of daily life. Both disabled and slowed individuals can qualify for the DTC and receive an equal number of benefits.

Unfortunately, many individuals who consider themselves “slowed” do not apply for the DTC because of the misconception that the benefit is only available to the seriously disabled. However, this is not the case, and those affected by slowness due to impairments can now apply for the DTC as well. For example, individuals with arthritis may perform tasks slower than others, making them eligible for the DTC.


Medical Conditions That Qualify For The Disability Tax Credit

The Disability Tax Credit (DTC) is intended to support people who have prolonged or permanent disabilities that significantly impact their ability to carry out activities of daily living (ADLs). In Canada, ADLs are considered a major factor in determining eligibility for the DTC, and include personal care activities such as bathing, dressing, walking, carrying, and lifting.

It’s important to note that eligibility for the DTC is not determined by the specific diagnosis of a medical condition, but rather by the severity of the impairment and how it affects the individual’s ability to perform ADLs. While there are three main categories of qualified disabilities, the key factor is the impact of the impairment on daily life.


Medical Conditions That May Qualify for the Disability Tax Credit

The Disability Tax Credit (DTC) is available to people in Canada who have prolonged or permanent disabilities that significantly impact their ability to carry out “activities of daily living” (ADL). While the government does not provide a complete list of eligible disabilities, there are some common conditions that regularly qualify.

Slow walking is recommended for those with knee or hip problems, osteoarthritis, blood circulation problems, or foot disorders. People with digestion disorders such as Crohn’s or Colitis, incontinence, and prostate inflammatory bowel disorder may also be eligible for the DTC. Breathing problems such as COPD, emphysema, tuberculosis, chronic asthma, and sleep apnea can also be qualifying conditions, as can hearing loss requiring hearing aids.

Mental health conditions like Alzheimer’s, dementia, depression, and ADHD that affect memory and cognitive functioning may also qualify. Other conditions that may qualify for the DTC include autism, cerebral palsy, chronic pain syndrome, epilepsy, Parkinson’s, speech disabilities, and spinal stenosis.

It’s important to note that eligibility for the DTC is determined by the severity of the impairment and how it impacts a person’s ability to perform ADL, rather than the diagnosis of the condition itself. If you don’t see your specific condition on the list, don’t give up hope. You can contact the DTC team for further information and assistance.


Understanding Disability Benefits: Categories of Disabilities in Canada

Mental and physical disabilities are the two broad categories under which most disorders fall, as recognized by the Canadian government’s Disability Tax Credit program.

Mental disabilities can be challenging to diagnose, and they can significantly impact a person’s daily life. Depression is one of the most common mental disabilities that affect Canadians, making it difficult for some to perform basic tasks and maintain full-time employment. Fortunately, the Disability Tax Credit can provide financial assistance to individuals with mental disabilities who meet the eligibility criteria.

Physical disabilities, on the other hand, are visible to others and can limit a person’s ability to perform everyday activities. These disabilities can be present from birth or develop later in life due to various causes such as natural illnesses or accidents. Regardless of the cause, if a person’s condition meets the Canadian government’s definition of a disability, they may qualify for disability benefits.


In Summary,

Misunderstandings about the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) may lead some to believe that it can have negative financial consequences. However, this is not the case. The DTC is a tax credit that reduces income tax and does not affect an applicant’s other income or health benefits. Any refunds received from the DTC are not considered income and will not impact external revenue sources or amounts. In short, there are no negative consequences for those who apply for and receive DTC benefits.